Sunday, January 23rd, 2022

Student Personal Beliefs & Behaviors – Math Efficacy: PALS


  1. How certain are you that you can learn everything taught in math?
  2. How sure are you that you can do even the most difficult homework problems in math?
  3. How confident are you that you can do all the work in math class, if you don’t give up?
  4. How confident are you that you can do even the hardest work in your math class?

It is recommended that these items be used on a 7-point scale that is anchored at the endpoints and in the middle with the following options (certain, sure, or confident). E.g., Not at all sure (0), Somewhat sure (3), and Very sure (6).

Descriptive Statistics:

Sample Items Alpha Mean Stan. Dev. Skewness

Middle School
4
.80 3.22 .89 -.11
High School
4
.77 3.42 .88 -.26

Total
4
.79 3.29 .89 -.16